The federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) provides annual Title II Formula Grant funding to Ohio to assist the state in preventing and reducing delinquency, and to address juvenile crime. DYS awards this funding, through a competitive process, to community-based youth serving agencies to provide direct services to youth. Programs selected for funding must intend to prevent or reduce delinquency and must promote positive youth development.
The Governor’s Council on Juvenile Justice
As a condition of award, the state must convene a state advisory group (SAG) to oversee the administration of the Title II Formula Grant by acting as the supervisory board. In Ohio, the SAG is the Governor’s Council on Juvenile Justice with members appointed by the Governor. As part of the Governor’s Council’s responsibilities, they review applications and select those programs that will receive funding.
Federal Compliance Requirements
DYS is the agency responsible for managing the Title II Formula Grant. As such, the agency must ensure that Ohio complies with requirements set forth in the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (OJJDP) and amended by Juvenile Justice Reform Act of 2018. DYS must monitor facilities to ensure that:
- Youths who have committed a crime that would not be a crime if they were adults (curfew, truancy, etc.), and kids that have been abused or neglected are not held in detention and correctional facilities.
- Youths accused of delinquent offenses are not held in adult jails for more than 6 six hours.
- Youths have no contact with adult offenders while in the custody of law enforcement.
OJJDP also requires that states identify and to reduce racial and ethnic disparities (RED) in the juvenile justice systems.
Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities
Since 2007, DYS has been working to reduce racial and ethnic disparity in the juvenile justice system by funding programs and services in urban communities with large populations of African American youth. The goal has been to prevent arrests by providing youth with programming and services that reduce delinquent behaviors.